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Utah’s nonfarm wage and salaried job estimate for January 2013, as generated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), expanded by 3.1 percent compared against the employment level for January 2012. This is a 12-month increase of 37,800 jobs and raises total wage and salary employment to 1,249,900.
The seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate — generated by BLS — is Utah’s other primary indicator of current labor market conditions and registers 5.4 percent.
About 73,100 Utahns are considered to be actively unemployed. The current United States unemployment rate stands at 7.9 percent.
Utah enters the new year with employment growth at its long-term average of 3.1 percent. The unemployment rate stands at 5.4 percent and has fallen by three percentage points from its recession high of 8.4 percent in 2010. The labor force participation rate at 66.7 percent remains noticeably below its pre-recession high of 72 percent and is only little changed from the recession-period low of 66.5 percent that was recorded in September of 2012. Utah’s job growth of the past two years has not been forceful enough to change the dynamic of Utah’s labor participation. The numbers imply that those who moved out of the labor force during the recession are not yet feeling compelled to return to a job search and inclusion in the labor force.
An employment growth of 3.1 percent over the past 12 months places Utah with favorable job growth to build upon in 2013. It is expected that the state’s new home building market will show some post-recession life in 2013 and will help to push this growth rate higher as 2013 progresses. Currently, all industrial sectors are adding new jobs to Utah’s employment base with the exception of government.
Construction employment is estimated to be up by 2,700 positions over the past 12 months, standing at 64,800. This is a turnaround from this industry’s recession low point, but still represents an employment level much below this industry’s historical norm. Whereas construction employment generally makes up around 6 percent of all Utah employment, it is currently at 5.2 percent. There is still improvement yet to be realized from this industry when Utah starts to build again in relation to its population increase of the past five years.
Manufacturing employment continues to rebound from its recession setback, adding 3,800 new jobs over the past 12 months. The job increases are broad based, as gains are recorded in many manufacturing categories, led by fabricated and primary metals, rubber and plastics, surgical equipment and sporting goods.
Utah’s largest employment sector is trade, transportation and utilities. Estimated employment gains of 8,800 over the past 12 months make this one of Utah’s better-performing sectors. These gains are largely occurring on the retail trade component with not much gain in wholesale trade. The transportation component added 1,800 new jobs over the past 12 months, with much of this in trucking and courier services.
The Information sector is estimated to have added 2,600 new jobs over the past 12 months. Information includes the publishing industry, motion pictures, telecommunications, and internet service providers, among others.
The Financial sector continues to rebound from its recession setback. Approximately 3,800 jobs have been added over the past 12 months. Most of these are in financial institutions. The real estate side of the equation has yet to post noticeable gains.
The professional and business services sector added 7,000 jobs in Utah over the past year. Half of these are coming from the professional, scientific, and technical side, an area that generally requires greater levels of education for employment and also returns higher-than-average wages. This includes accounting, engineering, design services, computer systems design forms, and consulting services, among others.
Private education and health services is a stalwart of the Utah economy, having grown through both of the recessions of the past ten years. The sector is estimated to have added 3,500 new jobs in Utah over the past 12 months.
The Leisure and Hospitality sector is estimated to have added 9,100 new jobs over the past 12 months. When revised data comes in several months down the road, this current estimate will most likely be viewed as quite generous.
Government is the only industry estimated with lower employment in Utah than a year ago; down by 5,400 positions. Federal government declines lead the way, but both state and local government estimates are also down. Most of this is in education, particularly at the state level. This decline is probably just the quirks of the calendar, as the monthly surveying of employers only asks for the employment counts of one week of the month. If that week does not coincide with the seasonal return to a new college semester and returning student employment, employment levels can look lower than the previous year if the previous year’s calendar did cover the start of the new semester. That appears to be the case for the decline this year.
To view the report, including multiple charts and graphs, visit http://jobs.utah.gov/wi/press/2001press/ratecurrent.pdf